3.1 Botanik

Bei den verschiedenen Boswelliaarten handelt es sich um großzweigige Bäume, die in Indien, Nordafrika und im Mittleren Osten heimisch sind. Zur Gewinnung werden Streifen der Borke geritzt, wobei ein Harz austritt, welches ätherisches Öl, Terpenoide und Schleim enthält.

Allgemeiner Name in Deutsch ist Weihrauch, der pharmazeutische Name ist Olibanum.

Spezies Vorkommen Produkt
B. carteri Birdw. Somalia Olibanum
B. sacra Flueck Nubien, Südarabien Olibanum
B. frereano Birdw. Somalia Olibanum
B. bhau-dajiana Birdw. Nord-Somalia Olibanum
B. papyrifera Hochst. Äthiopien Olibanum
B. neglecta S. Moore Somalia Olibanum
B. odorata Hutsch Tropisches Africa Olibanum
B. dalzielli Hutsch Tropisches Africa Olibanum
B. serrata Roxb. Indien Salai guggal
Afrikanischer Weihrauchbaum
Afrikanischer Weihrauchbaum
Afrikanischer Weihrauch
Afrikanischer Weihrauch
Indischer Weihrauchbaum (Boswellia serrata Roxb.)
Indischer Weihrauchbaum (Boswellia serrata Roxb.)
Indischer Weihrauch (salai guggal)
Indischer Weihrauch (salai guggal)


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