3.1 Botanik

Bei den verschiedenen Boswelliaarten handelt es sich um großzweigige Bäume, die in Indien, Nordafrika und im Mittleren Osten heimisch sind. Zur Gewinnung werden Streifen der Borke geritzt, wobei ein Harz austritt, welches ätherisches Öl, Terpenoide und Schleim enthält.

Allgemeiner Name in Deutsch ist Weihrauch, der pharmazeutische Name ist Olibanum.

Spezies Vorkommen Produkt
B. carteri Birdw. Somalia Olibanum
B. sacra Flueck Nubien, Südarabien Olibanum
B. frereano Birdw. Somalia Olibanum
B. bhau-dajiana Birdw. Nord-Somalia Olibanum
B. papyrifera Hochst. Äthiopien Olibanum
B. neglecta S. Moore Somalia Olibanum
B. odorata Hutsch Tropisches Africa Olibanum
B. dalzielli Hutsch Tropisches Africa Olibanum
B. serrata Roxb. Indien Salai guggal
Afrikanischer Weihrauchbaum
Afrikanischer Weihrauchbaum
Afrikanischer Weihrauch
Afrikanischer Weihrauch
Indischer Weihrauchbaum (Boswellia serrata Roxb.)
Indischer Weihrauchbaum (Boswellia serrata Roxb.)
Indischer Weihrauch (salai guggal)
Indischer Weihrauch (salai guggal)

Publikationen

1. First draft genome sequencing of indole acetic acid producing and plant growth promoting fungus Preussia sp. BSL10.
Khan AL, Asaf S, Khan AR, Al-Harrasi A, Al-Rawahi A, Lee IJ

J Biotechnol. 2016 May;225(0):44-5.
PMID: 26995610 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

2. A review of commercially important African medicinal plants.
Van Wyk BE

J Ethnopharmacol. 2015 Dec;176(0):118-34.
PMID: 26498493 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

3. Genomic sequencing and microsatellite marker development for Boswellia papyrifera, an economically important but threatened tree native to dry tropical forests.
Addisalem AB, Esselink GD, Bongers F, Smulders MJ

AoB Plants. 2015 Jan;7(0):0.
PMID: 25573702 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

4. Micropropagation and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic agent boswellic acid production in callus cultures of Boswellia serrata Roxb.
Nikam TD, Ghorpade RP, Nitnaware KM, Ahire ML, Lokhande VH, Chopra A

Physiol Mol Biol Plants. 2013 Jan;19(1):105-16.
PMID: 24381442 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

5. Frankincense tapping reduces the carbohydrate storage of Boswellia trees.
Mengistu T, Sterck FJ, Fetene M, Bongers F

Tree Physiol. 2013 Jun;33(6):601-8.
PMID: 23729273 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

6. Resin secretory structures of Boswellia papyrifera and implications for frankincense yield.
Tolera M, Menger D, Sass-Klaassen U, Sterck FJ, Copini P, Bongers F

Ann Bot. 2013 Jan;111(1):61-8.
PMID: 23223203 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

7. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi enhance photosynthesis, water use efficiency, and growth of frankincense seedlings under pulsed water availability conditions.
Birhane E, Sterck FJ, Fetene M, Bongers F, Kuyper TW

Oecologia. 2012 Aug;169(4):895-904.
PMID: 22286084 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

8. Leaf gas exchange in the frankincense tree (Boswellia papyrifera) of African dry woodlands.
Mengistu T, Sterck FJ, Fetene M, Tadesse W, Bongers F

Tree Physiol. 2011 Jul;31(7):740-50.
PMID: 21849593 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

9. In vitro zygotic embryo germination and propagation of an endangered Boswellia serrata Roxb., a source of boswellic acid.
Ghorpade RP, Chopra A, Nikam TD

Physiol Mol Biol Plants. 2010 Apr;16(2):159-65.
PMID: 23572965 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

10. In vitro micropropagation of Boswellia ovalifoliolata.
Chandrasekhar T, Hussain TM, Jayanand B

Z Naturforsch C. 2005 May-Jun;60(5-6):505-7.
PMID: 16042352 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

11. A chemical investigation by headspace SPME and GC-MS of volatile and semi-volatile terpenes in various olibanum samples.
Hamm S, Bleton J, Connan J, Tchapla A

Phytochemistry. 2005 Jun;66(12):1499-514.
PMID: 15922374 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

12. Nuclear ribosomal DNA phylogeny and its implications for evolutionary trends in Mexican Bursera (Burseraceae).
Becerra JX, Venable DL

Am J Bot. 1999 Jul;86(7):1047-57.
PMID: 10406728 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]