3.1 Botanik

Bei den verschiedenen Boswelliaarten handelt es sich um großzweigige Bäume, die in Indien, Nordafrika und im Mittleren Osten heimisch sind. Zur Gewinnung werden Streifen der Borke geritzt, wobei ein Harz austritt, welches ätherisches Öl, Terpenoide und Schleim enthält.

Allgemeiner Name in Deutsch ist Weihrauch, der pharmazeutische Name ist Olibanum.

Spezies Vorkommen Produkt
B. carteri Birdw. Somalia Olibanum
B. sacra Flueck Nubien, Südarabien Olibanum
B. frereano Birdw. Somalia Olibanum
B. bhau-dajiana Birdw. Nord-Somalia Olibanum
B. papyrifera Hochst. Äthiopien Olibanum
B. neglecta S. Moore Somalia Olibanum
B. odorata Hutsch Tropisches Africa Olibanum
B. dalzielli Hutsch Tropisches Africa Olibanum
B. serrata Roxb. Indien Salai guggal
Afrikanischer Weihrauchbaum
Afrikanischer Weihrauchbaum
Afrikanischer Weihrauch
Afrikanischer Weihrauch
Indischer Weihrauchbaum (Boswellia serrata Roxb.)
Indischer Weihrauchbaum (Boswellia serrata Roxb.)
Indischer Weihrauch (salai guggal)
Indischer Weihrauch (salai guggal)



Continuous resin tapping for frankincense harvest increases susceptibility of (Del.) Hochst trees to longhorn beetle damage.
Negussie A, Gebrehiwot K, Yohannes M, Norgrove L, Aynekulu E

Heliyon. 2021 Feb;7(2):e06250.
PMID: 33665427 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


Population status of woodland and prioritizing its conservation interventions using multi-criteria decision model in northern Ethiopia.
Gidey T, Hagos D, Juhar HM, Solomon N, Negussie A, Crous-Duran J, Oliveira TS, Abiyu A, Palma JH

Heliyon. 2020 Oct;6(10):e05139.
PMID: 33072912 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


Roles of ethylene, jasmonic acid, and salicylic acid and their interactions in frankincense resin production in Boswellia sacra Flueck. trees.
Yamamoto F, Iwanaga F, Al-Busaidi A, Yamanaka N

Sci Rep. 2020 10;10(1):16760.
PMID: 33028915 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Effect of -cysteine, , and Whey Protein on the Antioxidant and Physicochemical Properties of Pork Patties.
Yang F, Cho WY, Seo HG, Jeon BT, Kim JH, Kim YHB, Wang Y, Lee CH

Foods. 2020 Jul;9(8):.
PMID: 32722299 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


Structure-Activity Relationships of Pentacyclic Triterpenoids as Inhibitors of Cyclooxygenase and Lipoxygenase Enzymes.
Vo NNQ, Nomura Y, Muranaka T, Fukushima EO

J Nat Prod. 2019 12;82(12):3311-3320.
PMID: 31774676 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Organic Certification is Not Enough: The Case of the Methoxydecane Frankincense.
Johnson S, DeCarlo A, Satyal P, Dosoky NS, Sorensen A, Setzer WN

Plants (Basel). 2019 Apr;8(4):.
PMID: 30987305 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


First complete chloroplast genomics and comparative phylogenetic analysis of Commiphora gileadensis and C. foliacea: Myrrh producing trees.
Khan A, Asaf S, Khan AL, Al-Harrasi A, Al-Sudairy O, AbdulKareem NM, Khan A, Shehzad T, Alsaady N, Al-Lawati A, Al-Rawahi A, Shinwari ZK

PLoS One. 2019;14(1):e0208511.
PMID: 30629590 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Endogenous phytohormones of frankincense producing Boswellia sacra tree populations.
Khan AL, Mabood F, Akber F, Ali A, Shahzad R, Al-Harrasi A, Al-Rawahi A, Shinwari ZK, Lee IJ

PLoS One. 2018;13(12):e0207910.
PMID: 30566477 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Development of microsatellite markers for the resin-yielding, non-timber forest product species (Burseraceae).
Maradani BS, Gudasalamani R, Setty S, Chandrasekaran R

Appl Plant Sci. 2018 Sep;6(9):e01180.
PMID: 30276028 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


Sustainable supply, a foundation for natural product development: The case of Indian frankincense (Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Colebr.).
Brendler T, Brinckmann JA, Schippmann U

J Ethnopharmacol. 2018 Oct;225():279-286.
PMID: 30031142 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


The Complete Chloroplast Genome Sequence of Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) (Sapindales: Simaroubaceae), an Important Pantropical Tree.
Saina JK, Li ZZ, Gichira AW, Liao YY

Int J Mol Sci. 2018 Mar;19(4):.
PMID: 29561773 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Quantification of Incensole in Three Boswellia Species by NIR Spectroscopy Coupled with PLSR and Cross-Validation by HPLC.
Al-Shidhani S, Rehman NU, Mabood F, Al-Broumi M, Hussain H, Hussain J, Csuk R, Al-Harrasi A

Phytochem Anal. 2018 May;29(3):300-307.
PMID: 29314317 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Rhizospheric microbial communities associated with wild and cultivated frankincense producing Boswellia sacra tree.
Khan AL, Asaf S, Al-Rawahi A, Lee IJ, Al-Harrasi A

PLoS One. 2017;12(10):e0186939.
PMID: 29053752 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Deeper Insight in Beehives: Metagenomes of Royal Jelly, Pollen, and Honey from Lavender, Chestnut, and Fir Honeydew and Epiphytic and Endophytic Microbiota of Lavender and Rose Flowers.
Crovadore J, Gérard F, Chablais R, Cochard B, Bergman Jensen KK, Lefort F

Genome Announc. 2017 Jun;5(22):.
PMID: 28572315 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


The First Chloroplast Genome Sequence of Boswellia sacra, a Resin-Producing Plant in Oman.
Khan AL, Al-Harrasi A, Asaf S, Park CE, Park GS, Khan AR, Lee IJ, Al-Rawahi A, Shin JH

PLoS One. 2017;12(1):e0169794.
PMID: 28085925 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


First draft genome sequencing of indole acetic acid producing and plant growth promoting fungus Preussia sp. BSL10.
Khan AL, Asaf S, Khan AR, Al-Harrasi A, Al-Rawahi A, Lee IJ

J Biotechnol. 2016 May;225():44-5.
PMID: 26995610 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


A review of commercially important African medicinal plants.
Van Wyk BE

J Ethnopharmacol. 2015 Dec;176():118-34.
PMID: 26498493 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Genomic sequencing and microsatellite marker development for Boswellia papyrifera, an economically important but threatened tree native to dry tropical forests.
Addisalem AB, Esselink GD, Bongers F, Smulders MJ

AoB Plants. 2015 Jan;7():.
PMID: 25573702 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


Micropropagation and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic agent boswellic acid production in callus cultures of Boswellia serrata Roxb.
Nikam TD, Ghorpade RP, Nitnaware KM, Ahire ML, Lokhande VH, Chopra A

Physiol Mol Biol Plants. 2013 Jan;19(1):105-16.
PMID: 24381442 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


Frankincense tapping reduces the carbohydrate storage of Boswellia trees.
Mengistu T, Sterck FJ, Fetene M, Bongers F

Tree Physiol. 2013 Jun;33(6):601-8.
PMID: 23729273 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Resin secretory structures of Boswellia papyrifera and implications for frankincense yield.
Tolera M, Menger D, Sass-Klaassen U, Sterck FJ, Copini P, Bongers F

Ann Bot. 2013 Jan;111(1):61-8.
PMID: 23223203 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi enhance photosynthesis, water use efficiency, and growth of frankincense seedlings under pulsed water availability conditions.
Birhane E, Sterck FJ, Fetene M, Bongers F, Kuyper TW

Oecologia. 2012 Aug;169(4):895-904.
PMID: 22286084 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Leaf gas exchange in the frankincense tree (Boswellia papyrifera) of African dry woodlands.
Mengistu T, Sterck FJ, Fetene M, Tadesse W, Bongers F

Tree Physiol. 2011 Jul;31(7):740-50.
PMID: 21849593 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


[Herbalism, botany and components analysis study on original plants of frankincense].
Sun L, Xu J, Jin H, Tian J, Lin R

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2011 Jan;36(2):112-6.
PMID: 21506404 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


In vitro zygotic embryo germination and propagation of an endangered Boswellia serrata Roxb., a source of boswellic acid.
Ghorpade RP, Chopra A, Nikam TD

Physiol Mol Biol Plants. 2010 Apr;16(2):159-65.
PMID: 23572965 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


In vitro micropropagation of Boswellia ovalifoliolata.
Chandrasekhar T, Hussain TM, Jayanand B

Z Naturforsch C J Biosci. 2005 May-Jun;60(5-6):505-7.
PMID: 16042352 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


A chemical investigation by headspace SPME and GC-MS of volatile and semi-volatile terpenes in various olibanum samples.
Hamm S, Bleton J, Connan J, Tchapla A

Phytochemistry. 2005 Jun;66(12):1499-514.
PMID: 15922374 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Nuclear ribosomal DNA phylogeny and its implications for evolutionary trends in Mexican Bursera (Burseraceae).
Becerra JX, Venable DL

Am J Bot. 1999 Jul;86(7):1047-57.
PMID: 10406728 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]